„Closed" Institution? The Psychiatric Hospital Mauer-Öhling (Lower Austria) during National Socialism and in Collective Memory
Project Lead Institute
Institute for Jewish History in Austria (Injoest)
Project Lead: PD Dr. Martha Keil
Project Team Members: Dr. Wolfgang Gasser, Dr. Philipp Mettauer, Tina Frischmann
Fachschule Amstetten, Aufbaulehrgang Wirtschaft ALW (Professional school, Advanced Course Economy), Lehrgang Gesundheit und Soziales (Seminar Health and Social Affairs)
NÖLA Niederösterreichisches Landesarchiv (Provincial Archive of Lower Austria), St. Pölten
Stadtarchiv Amstetten (Amstetten City Archives)
Projected timeline: August 1 st, 2017 – July 31 st, 2019
Approximately 50 students of the ALW at the Fachschule Amstetten (Lower Austria), all aged around 17, will take the Nazi category „unworthy of life" as a starting point to look into the notion of „disability". In accordance with their seminar focus on „Health and Social Affairs" the students will concentrate on the occupational profile and Menschenbild in medical and health care during National Socialism.
Today’s hospital Landesklinikum Amstetten in Mauer-Öhling is located in the immediate vicinity of these students’ school. Founded in 1902 as "Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Landes-Heil-und-Pflegeanstalt" and housing about 2000 beds, it was the third-largest clinic in Austria which either deported its patients to Euthanasia Centres or murdered patients in-house on the basis of National Socialist "Euthanasia".
Only little research has so far been done on these crimes and they have barely been discussed in public. While Mauer-Öhling was a "closed" institution, contact between inmates, medical staff as well as the affiliated supply yard and the surrounding population can be assumed.
In an initial subproject Dr. Philipp Mettauer poses questions on the flow of information: how and with the help of which participants could information reach the outside of the institution?
The content and traces as well as the lack or denial of such information will be collected by the participating students together with Dr. Wolfgang Gasser in a second subproject. They will be supported by the project team in doing research in local media and in conducting street interviews as well as interviews with selected people – members of staff, relatives of victims.
The aim of the project is not only a greater knowledge of the processes within the institution during National Socialism but also a clarification of today’s presence of these processes within the collective memory in the region of Amstetten. The students’ research will extend this understanding and will be transported to the general public by means of film.
This projectwork is intended to eventually result in a memorial commemorating the victims of Mauer-Öhling; interested students can – on a voluntary basis – participate in the preparation of this memorial.